What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma doesn’t refer to one particular condition. Instead, it is a group of eye conditions associated with damage to the optic nerve. Glaucoma can lead to permanent vision loss. There are different types of glaucoma, but many cases involve damage related to increased pressure in the eyes. Glaucoma is among the top causes of vision loss in the United States. Early detection and treatment is crucial for limiting or preventing vision loss.

What Causes Glaucoma?

Eyes can develop increased pressure if fluids don’t drain properly, which leads to a buildup. Higher pressure can damage the optic nerve, which can result in areas of vision loss or blind spots. Open-angle glaucoma occurs more often than other types of glaucoma. This type of glaucoma typically develops slowly without causing obvious symptoms.

What are the Symptoms of Glaucoma?

Glaucoma symptoms vary. Open-angle glaucoma can cause tunnel vision and areas of vision loss, while acute angle-closure glaucoma can cause sudden eye pain, redness, headaches, and other symptoms. Patients with acute angle-closure glaucoma symptoms should seek medical care immediately. If you believe you are showing signs of glaucoma, please feel free to call East Lake Eye Care and schedule an appointment. 

Am I at Risk of Getting Glaucoma?

Patients with risk factors for glaucoma have a higher chance of being affected by the condition. Glaucoma risk factors include age, increased pressure in the eye, nearsightedness, eye injury, and other eye conditions. Patients with medical conditions that can impair vision, such as diabetes and high blood pressure, also have a higher risk of glaucoma.

How is Glaucoma Treated?

Dr. Hart-Moreland provides diagnostic services for patients to determine if they have glaucoma. She offers treatment for glaucoma to help patients manage it. When glaucoma reaches a certain stage, Dr. Hart-Moreland refers patients to an ophthalmologist for more advanced treatment to help preserve their vision.

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